WATER
Under 'water', I am on the lookout for inspiring collaborations, either light touch, alongside a team, as a consultancy assignment with clear deliverables on learning across the company, or following you longer with technical advice as needed.

As a technical advisor, I offer coming alongside or becoming part of a core team that does applied research on systemic improvements in access to affordable safe water for the poor. For instance through the piped network, see below for a discussion.

I offer consultancy for a fresh take on communication from the angle of teaching/pedagogics. I am particularly open to corporate clients, as they offer a flexibility and capacity that's fresh, and allow for more artistic expressions and collaborations (e.g. photographers).

Kindly send me an email, if you are curious for more, so that we can have an interaction on tailored possibilities.


I love applied understanding - what does this mean? - of systemic and technical matters such as here on what works (and does not) to ensure access to affordable safe water for the poor

Find the lines I selected from this article - with my own experience with water in the periphery in Nort-East Brazil - under the gallery, no. 62a - 62 a..



SO FAR FROM THE PIPES, SO CLOSE TO THE CITY
The peri-urban interface refers not only to the fringe of the city, but also to a context where both rural and urban features tend to co-exist in environmental, socio-economical and institutional terms, and where there is high expectation on the land (DPU 2006).

Serviced land is understood as 'land designated for urban use and provided with basic public services (water, sewerage, paved roads, electric and telephone utilities and the like), and with access to municipal functions such as employment, education and public transport' (Smolka & Cenecorta 1999).

To be legitimate in the eyes of its people, democracy must deliver. In new democracies in the South people may be especially fierce about wanting to see improvement in terms of basic services for the poor, such as access to water (Breimer 2006). And so, when Western concepts are superimposed on such a society, this may lead to a lot of resistance. An example is Bolivia, where under a wave of water privatisation, it eventually became illegal for city residents to collect rainwater for drinking under the rules introduced by a new private contractor (Mitlin, Beard, Satterthwait and Du 2019, 26). Eventually it contributed to the so-called water wars in Cochabamba in response to the privatization of the city's municipal water supply company (Barlow & Clarke 2005).

Cities must recognize that equitable access to reasonable amounts of safe, reliable and affordable water is a social good. 'Treating water as a commodity best managed by the market has not resulted in more equitable access in the global South. Water is a human right and a social good that is essential to human life, health and well-being' (Mitlin, Beard, Satterthwait and Du 2019, 5).

'Extending the piped water network within cities and ensuring there are adequate supplies of piped water is the best way to provide residents with the safest water at the lowest price.' '(...) 'An extended, networked water infrastructure system is the result of coordinated urban planning, good governance, and substantial financial investment' (Mitlin, Beard, Satterthwait and Du 2019, 5).

Although access to water for plots or dwellings is most desirable, interim measures are possible (ibid 2019).

Have a glimpse, at what water looks like, for those living deep in the periphery of North East Brazil:
Instagram Urban Beyond the City.


Curious about the latest (2019) annual report of Marie Stella Maris,
since I was about to meet the women in the lead here soon (remotely).

MSM is a luxury water/care brand. For each product you purchase, they donate a fixed amount towards clean water projects worldwide under the Marie Stella Maris Foundation
in close collaboration with Aqua for All.

The hands in the picture here, are by the talented Bastiaan Woudt.



LOCAL TEAM IN THE SPOTLIGHTS - NUEVAS ESPERANZAS (NEW HOPE)
In 2004, I did my fieldwork in Leon, Nicaragua. It is here that I first met the team of Nuevas Esperanzas. It was an incredible experience to be able to spend so much time with the UK founders, and see the organisation grow from its very beginning (they officially started in 2005).

Ever since I got my first job, I have been investing in the work the team undertakes in communities surrounding Leon. I believe in its approach, in the fact that the team is mostly comprised by professionals from Nicaragua itself, and in the way it is led. I am in close contact diretly, and stay updated on what an organisation on the ground faces over time, in implementation, disasters, country context.

Now I want to take the opportunity of having this website to feature the teams' work, and share with others the inspiration it is to me. It is interesting that the exploration here on this website has so much overlap with the work of the Nicaraguan team when it comes to access to safe and affordable water.

He who brings rain, brings hope.
Hope is rain.
Nuevas Esperanzas - New Hope.

If you too are intersted in supporting the work of the team too, find more information here: Nuevas Esperanzas - Donate.


NICARAGUA
The largest and lowest Central American country, Nicaragua boasts both an extraordinary blend of flora and fauna and a turbulent history.

Nicaragua continues to be amongst the poorest countries of Latin America and many suffer under extreme poverty. It is also a country prone to natural disasters, such as vulcanic eruptions, earthquakes, floods. The economy is based on a limited range of exports, resulting in vulnerability, dependency and concentration of resources and power into the hands of a wealthy elite.

In 2018, an initial demostration about pensions, grew into uprisings across the country, reflecting many of the grievances about the governments' time in office.

To date, the national crisis remains unresolved. Nevertheless, Nuevas Esperanzas is working without being directly hindered by the socio-political crisis.


THE ORGANISATION
Nuevas Esperanzas UK works for the relief of poverty in Nicaragua:

"We are a young and professional organisation serving poor communities in Nicaragua through projects which provide practical and technical assistance in support of long-term sustainable development."


THE COMMUNITIES
Nuevas Esperanzas serves rural communities in Nicaragua from its base in the historic city of Leon on the Pacific coastal plain in the west of the country. When it comes to water, Nuevas Esperanzas works in the so-called hillside communities which are part of the Mountain Rain programme. The names of the four communities are: Agua Fria, El Caracol, El Najo and El Ojochal.


ACCESS TO WATER
Nuevas Esperanzas has already undertaken various projects related to water. Water harvesting is a important aspect of the work. Find out more about the projects here: Projects.

Find a video about Nuevas Esperanzas' water projects here: With your help many dreams can come true.

For photographs of the work being done see: Photoalbum.














Several of my personal memories, in a little storyboard from my fieldwork period in 2004,
and visiting the communities with the Nuevas Esperanzas team.

They are always with me - these memories, these images. The eyes.
I hope my work contributes even just a little bit, to making the lives of the poor -
these children living in shacks of sticks and plastic under the sky -
a little less harsh.

Ah and the vulcanos of Nicaragua - they too, are always in your soul, once you climbed one.
This one you see, Telica. Staying overnight.

Ah Nicaragua, and your young and deeply revolutionary spirit in my own formative years.

I wrote my thesis on her young democracy, and how it should deliver to her people in technical matters such as these.
It was also a thesis about being young - with Icararuswings (Breimer 2006).

Tikvah.



REFERENCES
Barlow, Maude and Tony Clarke 2005. Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water.

Breimer, Tikvah A. 2006. On Icaruswings; a new student generation in Nicaragua, and the revolutionary ideas for democracy now and then.Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands. (Dutch)

Breimer, Tikvah A. 2011. Open building as an approach for more effective core-housing implementation? An exploration.Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Breimer, Tikvah 2014, Preparing for rapid urbanization in the land market of the peri-urban interface (PUI). Cairo (EGY): ARCHCAIRO.

Breimer, T. 2015, (Informal) Urban Expansion: Anticipation and Preparation. European Commission (EC), Joint Research Centre (JRC), Urbanisation in Europe and the World, Ispra, Italy, Workshop May 25.

Breimer, Tikvah 2015. Rafelranden van de stad. Erasmus University: Erasmus Magazine. (in Dutch)

Development Planning Unit (DPU). 2006. So close to the city, so far from the pipes; The Governance of Water & Sanitation and the Peri-Urban Poor. University College London.

Mitlin, Diana, Victoria A. Beard, David Satterthwait and Jullian Du, 2019, Unaffordable and Undrinkable: Rethinking Urban Water Access in the Global South.World Resources Report, Working paper.

Smolka, Martim O. and Alfonso Iracheta Cenecorta, 1999, Mobilizing Land Value Increments to Provide Serviced Land for the Poor. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy (LILP), Land Lines, July.